Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management in Brantford

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Include Your Eyes in Preventative Healthcare

Eye exams are a critical component of preventative healthcare. While getting an eye exam is important for ensuring you can see well and your eyewear prescription is up to date, they are also important for assessing the health of your eyes. 

Many eye diseases progress without any noticeable symptoms, especially in their earliest stages. At Brantford Eye Care, we provide comprehensive eye examinations to detect and diagnose the beginnings of eye diseases. 

Your sight is precious and timely identification of eye diseases is necessary to prevent vision loss. Book your eye exam today.

Diabetic Eye Diseases

Diabetic eye diseases like retinopathy can lead to vision loss and even blindness. Like many eye diseases, there may be little or no symptoms in its early stages.

Read more about diabetic eye diseases on our Diabetic Eye Exams page.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases characterized by damage to the optic nerve, generally as a result of high intraocular pressure

Types of Glaucoma

There are several different types of glaucoma:

  • Open-Angle Glaucoma: The eye’s drainage channels become blocked, causing fluid buildup and a resulting increase in intraocular pressure (IOP).
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: The narrowing of the space between the iris and cornea causes fluid to become trapped in the eye, raising intraocular pressure.
  • Secondary Glaucoma: Intraocular pressure increases as a result of eye trauma, injury, or infection.
  • Normal-Tension Glaucoma: Damage to the optic nerve occurs even though intraocular pressure remains within normal range.

People over the age of 60 are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma. Some of the other risk factors for the disease include:

  • Family history
  • Previous trauma to the eye
  • High myopia
  • Use of corticosteroids
  • Diabetes

At Brantford Eye Care, we have invested in diagnostic tools to detect glaucoma in its early stages. We use the Icare Tonometer as well as the Perkins Tonometer to assess the internal pressure of the eye.

Tonometry measures the force required to compress the cornea in a given area. Higher than normal IOP may alert us to the presence of glaucoma.

There are medications available aimed at reducing intraocular pressure. If your case is more advanced, we may recommend surgery.

In the case of open-angle glaucoma, laser trabeculoplasty is a possible surgical intervention. A small laser opens clogged drains in your eye, relieving intraocular pressure. Trabeculectomies are also an option when a new drainage hole must be opened in the eye.

Cataracts

When the clear lens in your eye hardens and becomes opaque, this is the formation of a cataract. While cataracts are often the result of the normal aging process, they can appear in younger patients as well. 

Maintaining good health as you age can help to prevent cataracts. If you do develop the condition, you can slow its progression by wearing sunglasses and keeping away from UV rays. A nutritious diet, rich in antioxidants can also help to prevent the formation of cataracts.

Cataracts generally develop without pain or redness. 

Risk Factors for Cataracts

Age is the largest risk factor for cataracts. Almost everyone will develop cataracts at some point in their lives. Heredity also plays a role. If your parents developed cataracts at a young age, there is a chance you will too.

Symptoms of cataracts might include:

  • Foggy vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Dull colour vision
  • Light sensitivity

Vision loss due to cataracts can be mitigated through the use of corrective lenses. If the condition is impacting your quality of life or your vision is still lacking, even with the use of contacts or glasses, surgery may be an option.

Cataract surgery is safe and effective and relatively common. The team at Brantford Eye Care will walk you through the process and ensure you understand the procedure.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) impacts your central vision by causing damage to the macula.

 Your central vision is responsible for clear, crisp vision at close range. Reading, writing, driving, and recognizing faces can be challenging when there is central vision loss.

Types of AMD

Dry AMD

When parts of the macula gradually degrade, this is known as Dry AMD. It is the most common type of the disease.

Wet AMD

A less common type of the disease, Wet AMD is responsible for the majority of cases of blindness as a result of AMD. Wet AMD accounts for approximately 10% of AMD cases.

This type of AMD occurs when blood vessels grow under the retina, burst, and leak fluid into the macula.

The following behaviours and conditions increase your risk of developing AMD:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Extensive UV exposure
  • Heredity

People with AMD may not experience any pain or symptoms in the earliest stages of the disease. But, you should be on the lookout for the following symptoms and get an eye exam right away if you notice them:

  • Straight lines appearing wavy
  • Blurring of the central vision
  • Dark spots in central vision

We’ll Be Your Eyes

At Brantford Eye Care, we take pride in our knowledge of eye disease diagnosis and management. During your comprehensive exams, we will be on the lookout for any signs you may be developing an eye disease. 

Let us be your eyes when it comes to watching for eye diseases. Book your appointment today!

Our Locations

Brantford

  • 268 Brant Ave.
  • Brantford, ON N3T 3J7

Ohsewken

  • 1721 Chiefswood Rd, Unit 13
  • Ohsweken, ON N0A 1M0

Call us Mondays and Wednesdays between 9:00 am-4:00 pm (We are closed 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm). Please call the Brantford location on other days of the week.

Our Blog

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